Windows Firewall Network Locations
As you all know, there are three network location options in Windows Firewall : Domain networks, Home or work (private) networks, and Public networks. The purpose of each of them are following:
Domain Networks – This setting is applied when the computer is connected to a domain controller, in a Windows domain.
Private Networks – This setting is applied when the computer is connected to a network to which it is not associated. This can be a different domain or home network.
Public Networks – This setting is applied when a connection to a domain is made through a public network, such as at an airport, hotel, or coffee shop.
Our problem was the Domain Networks was showing as disconnected. To FIX this issue we restarted the “Network Location Awareness” service. Prior to this we did attempt a complete restart of the server, but that did not solve the issue that computers were unable to access network drives or databases they once did. It’s important to note that only when we turned off the windows firewall that the computers were able to connect which lead us to the firewall being the culprit as it was blocking access.